Understanding what a septic tank is, what it specifically does and how this thing works is essential to know what is involved in septic tank pumping. Simply put, septic system is an underground treatment system intended for keeping household waste. Typical septic system composed of 4 major components and these are the pipe from the house, the tank itself, drain field and of course, the soil.
Any damage or malfunction to these components compromises the system leading to the contamination of soil as well as drinking water. The repairs can be quite expensive and even require homeowners to get a new tank to replace the defective one if for example the damage is so serious.
A basic explanation to how these systems work start with wastewater leaving your house through plumbing network in the house to pipe that then goes straight to the tank. As a matter of fact, the septic tank is installed few feet underground and it is constructed using materials like fiberglass, polyethylene or concrete in a water tight manner. What this actually mean is, it can hold wastewater long enough to let solids settle at the bottom of the tank and form sludge while allowing oils to float on top and form scum.
There are some solid wastes that are decomposing too. The septic tank has several components and a T-shaped outlet to prevent scum as well as sludge to leave the tank and go to the drain field. By the time when the liquid entered the drain field, it will be filtered on different layers of soil to eliminate viruses and harmful bacteria.
Septic tank pumping is necessary and should be done periodically in an effort to remove the scum and sludge from tank. If the sludge and scum has built up in the septic tank and you don’t took any action to get rid of it, this can cause clogs to the drainage from tank and to the drain field. With the service offered of local septic tank company, they’ll be performing periodic cleaning of the tank and pump and clean it to make sure that things are working out fine.
The process for septic tank pumping will require the use of a big tank truck that has suction hoses and pumps. These hoses are inserted to a manhole opening at the ground to remove sludge and scum. These two are sucked out of the tank and straight to the tank and then, disposed in appropriate fashion. The septic service company checks the valves, ground and tank for any clog or leaks.